Relative Pronouns Rules | English Grammar

This paviacademy.com article is about Relative Pronouns Rules For Academic and Competitive Examinations With Telugu explanation.

This paviacademy.com article is about Relative Pronouns Rules For Academic and Competitive Examinations With Telugu explanation. - Paviacademy
Relative Pronouns Rules – English Grammar – paviacademy

Use of Relative Pronouns

1 . who , whose , whom are generally used for persons only .

  • సాధారణంగా who , whose , whom మనుష్యులకు మాత్రమే ఉపయోగింపబడును .

Examples : ఉదాహరణలు :

  • The boy who is honest is trusted .
  • This is the woman whose husband was killed in an accident .
  • Whom the gods love , die young .
  • This is Ravi whom I used to know as a boy .
  • He who is contented is rich .
  • They never fail who die in a great cause .
  • They also serve who only stand and wait .

2 . ‘ who , whose , whom ‘ are sometimes used for animals and inanimate things .

  • who , whose , whom లు కొన్ని సందర్భాలలో జంతువులకు , ప్రాణములేని వస్తువులకు ఉపయోగింపబడును .

Examples : ఉదాహరణలు :

  • A triangle whose three sides are equal is called an equilateral triangle .
  • The ancients worshipped moon whom they called Diana .
  • The Sun , whose rays give life to the earth , was worshipped by the ancients .

3. ‘ which ‘ is used for animals and things without life .

  • జంతువులకు , ప్రాణములేని వస్తువులకు ‘ which ‘ ఉపయోగింపబడును .

Examples : ఉదాహరణలు :

  • Mangoes which are ripe are sweet .
  • The book which was lost was not hers .
  • The moment which is lost for ever .
  • The dog which barked at her did not bite her .
  • This is the horse which won the race .

4. ‘ which ‘ is also used to refer to a previous statement.

  • పూర్వం చెప్పిన విషయాన్ని సూచించేందుకు కూడ ‘ which ‘ ఉపయోగింపబడును .

Examples : ఉదాహరణలు :

  • The man said he was a doctor , which was not true .
  • He wants me to give up my claim , which was impossible .
  • You have paid your debts , which ( = the face that You have paid your debts ) is a clear proof of your honesty .
  • He said he saw me there , which was a lie .

5. ‘ That ‘ is used for persons and things . It has no Genitive case and it is never used with a preposition preceding . It has a restrictive force .

  • That ‘ వ్యక్తులకు , వస్తువులకు ఉపయోగింపబడును . దీనికి possessive case లేదు . దేని ముందు preposition రాదు . ఇది దానిచేత విశేషించబడే  నామవాచకమును పరిమితము చేస్తుంది లేక నిర్వచిస్తుంది .

Examples : ఉదాహరణలు :

  • This is the boy that won the first prize .
  • Here is the man that I told you of .
  • Who that has met him can escape his influence ?.
  • This is the house that Ravi built .

6. ‘ That ‘ is used in preference to ‘ who ‘ or ‘ which ‘ in the following cases .

  • ఈ క్రింది సందర్భాలలో who , which లకు బదులు ‘ That ‘ ఉపయోగింపబడును .

1 . After Adjective in the Superlative Degree .

  • Superlative Degree లో ఉన్న Adjectives తరువాత that వస్తుంది .

Examples : ఉదాహరణలు :

  • This is the best that we can do .
  • This is the best picture that I ever saw .
  • He is the wisest man that I ever met .

2 . After the following words .

  • ఈ క్రింది పదముల తరువాత That ఉపయోగింపబడును .

All , same , none , nothing , any , ( the) only .

Examples : ఉదాహరణలు :

  • All is not gold that glitters .
  • He is the same man that he has been .
  • Man is the only animal that can laugh .

3 . After the Interrogative Pronouns ‘ who ‘ and ‘ what ‘ .

  • Interrogative Pronouns అయిన who , what ల తరువాత That వస్తుంది .

Examples : ఉదాహరణలు :

  • Who that saw her did not pity her ?
  • Who am I that I should object ?
  • What is it that troubles you so much ?
  • What is there that I do not know ?

4 . After two antecedents one denoting a person and the other denoting an animal or a thing .

  • ఒక వ్యక్తిని , ఒక జంతువును లేదా వస్తువును సూచించే 2 antecedents ( noun or pronoun ) ఉన్నప్పుడు That వస్తుంది .

Examples : ఉదాహరణలు :

  • The boy and his dog that had trespassed on the club premises were turned out .

7 . ‘ what ‘ is used for things only .

  • వస్తువులను సూచించేందుకు మాత్రమే ‘ what ‘ ఉపయోగింపబడును .

Examples : ఉదాహరణలు :

  • I say what I mean .
  • He found what he was looking for .
  • Take down what I dictate .
  • What cannot be cured must be endured .

8 . ‘ As ‘ is used as a Relative Pronoun after ‘ such ‘ and sometimes after ‘ the same ‘ .

  • such ‘ , ‘ the same ‘ ల తరువాత Relative Pronoun గా ‘ As ‘ ‘ ఉపయోగింపబడును .

Examples : ఉదాహరణలు :

  • He is such a man as I honour .
  • My trouble is the same as yours .
  • His answer was such as I expected him to give .
  • Yours is the same book as mine .

9 . After a Negative , the word ‘ but ‘ is used as a Relative Pronouns in the sense of ‘ who …. not ‘ or ‘ which …. not ‘ .

  • వ్యతిరేకార్ధము తరువాత ‘ ఎవరు కాదు ‘ , ‘ ఏది కాదు ‘ అనే అర్ధములో ‘ but ‘ Relative Pronoun గా ఉపయోగింపబడును .

Examples : ఉదాహరణలు :

  • There is none but will agree with me ( but will agree = who will not agree )
  • There is no Hindu but knows ( = who does not know ) the story of Ramayana .
  • There is no rose but has ( = which does not have some thorn ).

10 . The Relative Pronoun is generally omitted when it would be in the objective case .

  • objective case లో ఉండవలసినప్పుడు Relative Pronoun సాధారణముగా వదలి వేయబడుతుంది .

Examples : ఉదాహరణలు :

  • I am monarch of all ( that ) I survey .
  • Be loyal to the friends ( that ) you have .
  • Here is the book ( that ) you were looking for .

11 . A Relative Pronoun must agree with the number and person of its antecedent .

  • Relative Pronoun అది సూచించే నామవాచకము లేక సర్వనామము యొక్క వచనము , పురుషలలో ఉండాలి .

Examples : ఉదాహరణలు :

  • The boy who was lazy was punished .
  • The boys who were lazy were punished .
  • I who am your king will lead you .
  • You , who are mighty , should be merciful .
  • They , that were caught , were hanged .

12 . The Relative Pronoun should be placed as near as possible to its Antecedent .

  • Relative Pronoun దాని Antecedent కు సాధ్యమైనంత దగ్గరగా ఉండాలి .

Examples : ఉదాహరణలు :

  • The boy who won the first prize is the son of Mr . Rama Rao .

Exercise

fill in the blanks with suitable Relative pronouns:

1. where is the book that I gave you ?

2. It is the same case as I told you ?

3. where is the man whose purse was lost ?

4. That man who will not work must starve .

5.  These mangoes are not such as I bought yesterday.

6. I don’t believe what you say.

7. whom the Gods love die young.

8. we met the sailors whose ship was wrecked.

9. Do you know what  has happened ?

10. They who seek wisdom will be wise.

Related English Lessons:
Lesson . 1 . The English Alphabet
Lesson . 2 . Parts of Speech
Lesson . 3 . Kinds of Nouns
Lesson . 4 . Kinds of Gender
Lesson . 5 . Singular and Plural Rules
Lesson . 6 . Case in English Grammar
Lesson . 7 . Formation of the possessive case Rules
Lesson . 8 . Use of the possessive case Rules
Lesson . 9 . Kinds of Pronouns
Lesson . 10 . list of personal pronouns
Lesson . 11 . Personal Pronouns Rules
Lesson . 12 . Emphatic and Reflexive Pronouns Rules
Lesson . 13. Indefinite and Distributive pronouns Rules
Lesson . 14 . Interrogative pronouns Rules

Post Author: Pavi Academy

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